- Ukrainian journal ”Health of woman”
Ukrainian Journal HEALTH OF WOMAN #06 – 2023Scientific and practical journal
Focus and Scope
UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» – is a scientific and practical peer-reviewed open access journal.
The scope of the journal reflects the multidisciplinary nature of the subject; its coverage includes maternal and fetal medicine, gynecology, obstetrics, perinatology, reproduction, all aspects of women's health.
The Journal seeks to publish high quality original articles that are immediately applicable to practice (basic science, translational research, evidence-based medicine), results of original research, clinical observations (brief clinical case reports), special featured articles in the field of gynecology, obstetrics, perinatology, neonatology and pediatrics, as broadly defined, invited medical reviews, summaries of workshops, conferences, symposiums, congress, expert commentaries, novel insights into clinical and academic medicine related to every aspect of gynecology, obstetrics, and pediatrics..
The journal is based on independent and unbiased double-blinded peer-reviewed principles. Only unpublished papers that are not under review for publication elsewhere can be submitted. The authors are responsible for the scientific content of the material to be published. The Journal reserves the right to request any research materials on which the paper is based. Printed copies of the journal are distributed during scientific and practical activities (live events), presented in all leading scientific institutions and medical libraries in Ukraine. All articles are also available in PDF, HTML format on the journal website (URL: https://med-expert.com.ua/journals/en/publishing-activity-en/ukrainian-journal-health-of-woman/), websites of National Library of Ukraine (URL), Ukrainian Scientific Citation Index (URL: http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&I21DBN=UJRN&P21DBN=UJRN&S21STN=1&S21REF=10&S21FMT=juu_all&C21COM=S&S21CNR=20&S21P01=0&S21P02=0&S21P03=PREF=&S21COLORTERMS=0&S21STR=Zdzh) and are made freely available immediately upon publication.
The UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» is published in Ukrainian, English 6 times a year.
The Editorial Board of the UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» and the Publisher adheres to the principles of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, http://icmje.org/), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME, http://www.wame.org/), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, https://publicationethics.org/ ).
The UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN»’s mission is to distribute original medical data of the highest value for a diverse audience of those that participate in care of women: practicing and general gynecologists, obstetricians, reproductive specialists, academic general and subspecialty physicians and clinicians, researchers, educators, pharmacists, social workers, nutritionists and others. Supporting and continuously deepening knowledge and practical skills of professionals of gynecologists, obstetricians, reproductive specialists and women’s healthcare the journal contribute to improving the quality of care and the health of women.
The UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» believes that high quality and ethical publication will lead to the progressive development of medical sciences and healthcare in Ukraine.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine 15.10.2019 № 1301 scientific and practical journal «Health of woman» is included in Category «B» of the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine.
INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING
EDITORIAL BOARD AND REVIEW BOARD
Govsieiev Dmytro, Director of Medical Officer of Kyiv City Maternity Hospital No.5, Head of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Neonatology Institute of Postgraduate education of Bogomolets National Medical University, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=43616593
Kuchyn Iurii, Rector of Bogomolets National Medical University, Professor of the Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care of Institute of Postgraduate education of Bogomolets National Medical University, Corresponding Member the NAMS of Ukraine, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=10376781
CHIEF SCIENTIFIC ADVISER
Vergolyas Maya, Adviser to the Director on Scientific Affairs Educational and Scientific institute «European Medical School», Head of the Department of Medical and Preventive Disciplines, Associate Professor of the Department of Fundamental Disciplines with a course of pharmacology of International European University, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine
Scopus ID: Id=36171216100
Marushko Roctislav, Head of the Department of medical information technologies in pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology of SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology named after academician O. Lukyanova of the NAMS of Ukraine», Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Kyiv
Scopus ID: 57218878993
ORCID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0001-7855-1679
Avramenko Tetiana, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Beniuk Vasyl, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Berestoviy Oleg, Doctor of Medical Science honoris causa, Professor, Medical Center LLC Materi Clinic, Kyiv, Ukraine
Bitman Gennady, Director of Gynecological Service and Urogynecology Maaynei Hayeshua Hospital, Israel, Bnei Brak, Israel
Botchorishvili Revaz, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, International Center of Endoscopic Surgery; Endoscopic Surgery Training Center ENDORFOCE, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Web of science: Id=490698
Brekhman Gregory, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Corresponding Member the International Academy of Sciences of Ecology, Human Safety and Nature, House of Scientists Haifa, Israel
Bulavinova Kateryna, UNICEF Medical Expert, Kyiv, Ukraine
Ventskivska Iryna, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=34696366
Hladchuk Igor, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Odessa National Medical University, Odessa, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=7371279
Gnatko Olena, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Golyanovskiy Oleg, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=45663048
Gorbunova Olha, Doctor of Medical Science, доцент, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Zhuk Svitlana, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=394741459
Ivaniuta Serhii, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Alla Kornatska, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, SI «Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=19729098
Livi Paola, University of Florence, Department of Medical and Surgical Critical Area, Florence, Italy.
Markin Leonid, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Corresponding Member the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Danylo Halytskyy Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=404572
Medvedev Mykhailo, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Chief Medical Officer of the Medical Clinic "Clinic of Doctor Medvedev", Dnipro, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=9459210
Nakonechna Alla, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool University, Liverpool, Great Britain
Podolskiy Volodymyr, Doctor of Medical Science, SI «Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=39402682
Potapov Valentyn, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, Dnipro, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=44527680
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ZZ0TLWsAAAAJ&hl=ru
Romanenko Tamara, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Romashchenko Oksana, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, State Institution “Institute of Urology of the NAMS of Ukraine”, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=3007952
Rozhkovska Natalia, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Odessa National Medical University, Odessa, Ukraine
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=AX6ng3MAAAAJ&hl=ru
Skrypchenko Nataliia, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, SI «Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Soloviov Oleksiy, PhD, Clinic “Nadiya”; Fetal Medicine Foundation in Ukraine,, Kyiv, Ukraine
Sukhanova Auryka, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Tkachenko Ruslan, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Web of science: Id=12378874
Tumanova Larisa, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, SI «Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Tsypkun Anatoliy, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, SI «Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology by academician O.M. Lukjanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Scopus: Id=6603302374 https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=6603302374
Husain Shahid, Fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, Consultant, Homerton University Hospital, London, UK Grate Britain
Yuzko Olexandr, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Yarotskyi Mykola, Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Ukrainian scientific and practical center of endocrine surgery, transplantation of endocrine organs and tissues of The Ministy of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
OPEN ACCESS POLICY
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supporting a greater global exchange of knowledge. Open Access Policy is based on rules of Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/
Articles of the journal have free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles.
The reproduction and distribution of the articles can be performed provided that their use is not for commercial purposes, and a proper credit is given to the authors as well as the publisher to be properly acknowledged and cited.
Publication in the journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY—NC 4.0)
The policy of the UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» is compatible with the vast majority of funders' of open access and self-archiving policies. The journal provides immediate open access route being convinced that everyone – not only scientists – can benefit from research results, and publishes articles exclusively under open access distribution, with a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 international license(СС BY-NC).
Authors transfer the copyright to the UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors declare that this manuscript has not been published nor is under simultaneous consideration for publication elsewhere. After publication, the articles become freely available on-line to the public.
Readers have the right to use, distribute, and reproduce articles in any medium, provided the articles and the journal are properly cited.
The use of published materials for commercial purposes is strongly prohibited.
All manuscripts submitted for publication are strictly reviewed for their originality, methodology, importance, quality, ethical nature and suitability for the journal. UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» uses a common standard scheme for the evaluation process. The editor-in-chief has full authority over the editorial and scientific content of the journal and the timing of publication of the content.
The whole editorial process consists of the successive steps. Immediately after submission, technical review is carried out by editorial staff (editor-in-chief, associate editors or editorial board member) to assess suitability of the manuscript to the journal: topicality and importance of the subject, the clarity of presentation, and relevance to the audience of the journal in question. Submissions that fully do not conform to the requirements of the publication will be rejected. In cases where only minor revisions are recommended, the author is usually requested to revise the paper. Authors whose articles are accepted will be notified accordingly and the article will undergo further processing. Technical reviews are typically processed in a few days after submission.
Any submitted manuscripts are treated as confidential documents. Editor(s) and editorial staff are obliged not to disclose any information about a submitted paper to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. The journal operates a rigorous peer-review process. Review is performed on a double-blind basis – the identities of peer reviewers and authors are kept confidential. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the Editor-In-Chief.
The reviewing process is double-blind for the journal. At least two review reports are collected for each submitted article. Proposals for the selection of reviewers can be made by editor-in chief, deputy editor-in-chief or editorial staff during initial review of the article. In the evaluation process, there participate qualified independent reviews as well as members of the editorial board who are experts in the field of the submitted article. Journal database contains the list of reviewers including members of editorial board.
To assist academic editors, editorial staff of the journal handle all communication with reviewers, authors, and the external editors. Reviewers are given three – four weeks to write their review. For the review of a revised manuscript, reviewers are asked to provide their report within one week. In both cases, extensions can be granted on request.
The peer review is followed by a final acceptance/rejection decision by the Editor-in-Chief, or another academic editor approved by the Editor-in-Chief. When making an editorial decision the Editor-in-Chief or academic editor checks the suitability of selected reviewers, adequacy of reviewer comments and author response, overall scientific quality of the paper. The editor can select the follows: accept, reject, ask author for revision of the paper, ask for an additional reviewer. If there is any suspicion that a paper may contain plagiarism, the editorial office will check using plagiarism detection software to screen the manuscript. Peer reviewers complete a referee report form to provide general comments to the editor and specific comments to the author. Editors-in-Chief are free to disagree with their views. If they do so, they should justify their decision, for the benefit of the authors.
The publication process after submission may take 4 to 6 months. However, all accepted manuscripts are assigned with a DOI number following their acceptance. The journal performs thorough editorial processing of all manuscripts, including language, copy editing and conversion to PDF or XML.
UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» is a member of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and follows its procedures for dealing with potentially unethical behaviour by authors, reviewers or editors.
All articles published for full open access without any fee by authors. The publisher covers all costs – copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management. No submission charges of manuscript are requested.
The publication ethics of the journal supports the principles of ethics of the editor and the publisher, the reviewer, author of the scientific publication, which were designed and adopted by the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE https://publicationethics.org/) and can be found in «Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors».
Principles of professional ethics in the work of the editor and publisher
In its activities, the editor is responsible for the publication of copyright works, which requires compliance with the following fundamental principles:
– When deciding on publication, the editor is guided by the reliability of data submitted and the scientific significance of the work under consideration.
– The intellectual content of manuscripts is evaluated regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, origin, nationality, social status or political affiliation of the authors.
– Unpublished data obtained from submitted manuscripts for consideration must not be used for personal purposes or passed on to third parties without the written consent of the author. Information or ideas obtained during editing process remain confidential and is not used for the purpose of personal gain.
– The editor does not publish a manuscript if there is sufficient reason to believe that it is plagiarism.
– The editorial board does not leave unanswered claims related to reviewed manuscripts or published materials, and when a conflict occurs, it takes all necessary measures to restore the infringed rights.
Ethical principles in the work of the reviewer
Reviewer carries out a scientific expertise of author’s materials, so that its action must be impartial in nature, based on the following principles:
– Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor;
– The reviewer is obliged to give an objective and reasoned assessment of study results. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable.
– Unpublished data from manuscripts submitted for consideration should not be used by the reviewer for personal purposes.
– The reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript, or can not be objective, for example, in the case of a conflict of interest with the author or organization should inform the editor and excuse himself from the review process of this manuscript.
Principles of Ethics of Scientific Publication Author
The authors are aware that they bear primary responsibility for the novelty and valid results of scientific research, which implies observance of such principles:
– The author(s) of the article must provide reliable results of the research. Intentional submission of false or fraudulent data is unacceptable.
– The author must ensure that the results of the study, set forth in the manuscript submitted, are completely original. The borrowed data must be given with the obligatory indication of the author and the original source. Excessive borrowings, as well as plagiarism in any form, including unformed citations, rephrasing or appropriation of rights to the results of the research of others, are unethical and unacceptable.
– The contribution of all persons who have influenced the study process in one way or another should be acknowledged, in particular, reference should be made to the works that were relevant to the research.
– The authors should not submit for publishing а manuscript that has previously been submitted to another edition and is currently under consideration, as well as an article already published in another edition.
– The co-authors of the article should include all persons who have made a significant contribution to the research. Among co-authors it is unacceptable to indicate persons who did not participate in the study.
– If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the article at the stage of its consideration or after its publication, he should as soon as possible inform the editorial staff.
For all research studies the journal's policy requires an approval of research protocols by an appropriate ethics committee in accordance with international agreements “WMA Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects (last updated: October 2013, Fortaleza, Brazil)” , "Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals (8th edition, 2011)" and/or “International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (2012)”.
When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures were conducted in accordance with bioethical standards and assessed by the local ethics committee or national bioethics commission. The same applies to researcher involving laboratory animals. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether all necessary procedures were carried out in accordance with national and international standards for the care and use of laboratory animals.
If the submitted manuscript does not include ethics committee approval, it will be reviewed according to COPE's guideline (Guidance for Editors: Research, Audit and Service Evaluations). If the study should have ethical approval, authors will be asked to provide ethical approval in order to proceed the review process. If they cannot provide ethical approval, their manuscript will be rejected.
If the study does not need ethics committee approval after the editorial board’s review, the authors will be asked to provide an ethics committee approval or a document given by a related independent committee that indicates the study does not need ethics committee approval according to the research integrity rules in their country. If the authors provide either an approval or a document showing that ethics approval is not needed, the review process can be continued. If the authors cannot provide either documents, the manuscript may be rejected.
Approval by a local ethics committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment whether the conduct of the research was appropriate.
Informed consent policy and confidentiality
For articles concerning experimental research on humans, a statement should be included that shows informed consent of patients and volunteers was obtained following a detailed explanation of the procedures that they may undergo. The journal may request a copy of the Ethics Committee Approval received from the relevant authority. Informed consent must also be obtained for case reports.
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should disclose to these patients whether any potential identifiable material might be available via the Internet as well as in print after publication.
Patient consent should be written and archived with the authors at the institution where research was conducted. The authors provide the journal with a written statement that attests that they have received and archived written patient consent. The requirement for informed consent should be included in the journal's instructions for authors. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article.
The manuscript must include in the section “Materials and methods” a statement identifying the institutional local ethics committee approving the experiments, including any relevant details For experiments involving human subjects, authors must identify the local ethics committee approving the experiments, and include with their submission of statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects.
UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN» strives for the highest standards of research and publication ethics, and does not allow any form of plagiarism. All submitted manuscripts are screened with plagiarism software Advego Plagiatus http://advego.ru/plagiatus/ at least two times during the evaluation process to detect instances of overlapping and similar text
The Journal defines plagiarism as a case in which a manuscript reproduces another work having with 10% and more similarity scores and without attribution. If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the article, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing articles for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).
In any case while an ethical misconduct is suspected, the editorial of the journal will act in accordance with the relevant international rules of publication and research ethics (COPE guidelines, ICMJE Recommendations, CSE White Paper on Publication Ethics, WAME resources, WMA policies and ORI).
Conflict of interest policy
All participants in the peer-review and publication process (authors, referees, editors, members of editorial board) must disclose to the editor-in-chief any conflict of interest related to personal, family, financial, political or religious issues as well as any competing interest while fulﬁlling their roles in the process of article review and publication, and must disclose all relationships that could be considered as potential conﬂicts of interest. If editorial staff, referees or editors have a conflict of interest and/or they are not appropriate to participate in editorial processing for a given manuscript, then they should resign from the assignment.
The Editorial Board members of the journal, who treat submissions and recommend their opinions to the Editor-in-chief may also submit their own manuscripts to the journal because all of them are leading researchers and scientists. However, they cannot participate at any stage on the editorial decision of their manuscripts in order to minimize any possible bias. They will be treated like any other author, and if any final acceptance of such manuscripts can only be made by the positive recommendation of at least two external reviewers, then they should not be members of decision-making Editorial Board.
When authors submit a manuscript of any type or format they are responsible for disclosing all ﬁnancial and personal relationships that might bias or be seen to bias their work. Authors must declare any such conflict in the cover letter accompanying the manuscript and in the acknowledgments section of the manuscript itself. The corresponding author or all authors should be asked to sign the manuscript on the last page regarding potential conflicts of interest at the time of acceptance. Where authors have no conflict of interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no conflict of interests”. This policy applies to all submitted research manuscripts and review material.
All necessary information regarding the process of a manuscript can be obtained from the editorial office. However, the names of the handling editor and the reviewers are not given to the author(s). Due to the double-blinded review principles of UKRAINIAN JOURNAL «HEALTH OF WOMAN», the names of authors and reviewers are not known to the each other.
PEER REVIEW PROCESS
Criteria for publication
Journal receives many more submissions than it can publish in each edition. It is therefore important that manuscripts are critically evaluated for compliance with the following criteria:
- Novelty (abstracts, meeting proceedings, preprints are not considered as an alternative to novelty).
- Broad clinical significance of presented data.
- Strong evidence for the conclusions that are drawn.
- Importance to the specific field of science or practical pediatrics.
All submitted manuscripts are subject to mandatory review. After registration, the manuscripts are evaluated for compliance with the requirements and profile of the journal, and then sent for scientific review to at least 2 external experts working in the relevant field. The journal practices double-blind peer review, means that neither authors nor referees do not know each other. The average time of the reviewing process is 6–8 weeks.
Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to the journal are sent for formal review, typically to 2 reviewers appointed by editors/editorial board. The referees are asked for their opinion about the suitability of the paper for publication. Based on the conclusions of the reviewers, the editors decide:
– accept the manuscript, with or without minor revision;
– invite the authors to revise the manuscript to address specific concerns before a final decision on publication in the journal;
– or reject the manuscript, typically on grounds of specialist interest, lack of novelty, insufficient conceptual advance or major technical and/or interpretational problems.
The result of the review is based on offered recommendations of referees. The final decision to publish the article is made by the editor-in-chief/editorial board.
In case of approval of the manuscript for publication after review, it is sent for further processing and publication. If necessary, the manuscript is sent to the author for revision in accordance with the recommendations of the reviewer(s). Revised manuscript sent for re-review. In case of manuscript rejection for publication, the author receives information that the article is not accepted for publication with motivated refusal. The manuscript is not returned to the author.
In their work, the editor and editorial board are guided by the principles of confidentiality. The same applies to authors and reviewers. All correspondence with the journal, reviewers' reports and other materials should not be published on any sites or published without the prior consent of the editor or editorial board, regardless of whether or not the manuscript will be published.
Referee selection is critical to the review process, and the journal choice is based on many factors, including expertise, reputation, specific recommendations, and our previous experience with the referee. The journal avoids using referees who are chronically slow, sloppy, too harsh or too lenient. Editorial staff normally contact potential referees before sending them manuscripts to review and only on acceptance of the invitation referee will have access to the full paper. Referees should bear in mind that all correspondence with editorial staff should be treated as confidential.
Proposals for the selection of referees can be made by editor-in-chief, deputy editor-in-chief or editorial staff during initial review of the article. In the review process, there participate qualified independent referees as well as members of the editorial board who are experts in the field of submitted manuscript. Journal database contains the list of reviewers and members of editorial board who participate in review process.
Upon receiving a manuscript to referee
To avoid unnecessary delays in processing manuscripts, please do the following immediately upon receipt of a manuscript for review:
- check thoroughly the deadline to ensure that there have been no misunderstandings
- in regarding to timing, contact the editorial office immediately if you anticipate any difficulties
- read the editor's letter carefully and be sure to note any points specific to the manuscript that the editor may have requested your opinion on
- skim the manuscript and consider whether there might be a conflict of interest for you (with the authors, their institution, their funding sources) and whether you can judge the article impartially
- consider whether the topic seems to fit the scope of the journal and is likely to be of sufficient general interest for publication.
Referees should treat the review process as being strictly confidential and not to discuss the manuscript with anyone not directly involved in the review.
It is acceptable to consult with colleagues, but they should be identified to the editors. Consulting with experts from outside the referee’s own institution may be acceptable, but again editors should be informed before doing so, to avoid involving anyone who may have been excluded by the authors.
Referees should, as a rule, not disclose their identities to the authors or to other colleagues since they may be asked to comment on the criticisms of other referees and may then find it difficult to be objective. Should they feel strongly about making their identities known to the authors, they should do so via the editor. Strongly disapproved of any attempt by authors to determine the identities of referees or to confront them, and encourage referees to neither confirm nor deny any speculation in this regard.
Writing the report
The main purpose of referee reports is to provide the editors with the information that they need to reach a decision, but they should also instruct the authors on how to strengthen their manuscript if revision is a possibility. Referees are asked to submit both confidential comments to the editor and those that can be directly transmitted to the authors.
While transmitting comments to the authors, referees are asked to maintain a positive and impartial, but critical, attitude in evaluating manuscripts. Criticisms should remain dispassionate; offensive language is not acceptable. As far as possible, a negative report should explain to the authors the weaknesses of their manuscript, so that they can understand the basis for a decision to ask for revision or to reject the manuscript. The report for authors should not include a recommendation regarding publication, which is regarded as confidential information since the final decision regarding acceptance, revision or rejection rests with the editor.
The Journal is committed to rapid editorial decisions and publication as efficiency in this process is a valuable service both to our authors and the scientific community as a whole. Therefore referees are asked to respond promptly or inform editorial office if they anticipate a significant delay, which allows the journal to keep the authors informed and, where necessary, find alternative referees.
Conflicts of interest
In order to ensure fairness in the referee process, we try to avoid referees who: have recent or ongoing collaborations with the authors, have commented on drafts of the manuscript, are in direct competition, have a history of dispute with the authors, or have a financial interest in the outcome. Because it is not possible for the editors to know of all possible biases, however, we ask referees to draw our attention to anything that might affect their report, including commercial interests, and to decline to referee in cases where they feel unable to be objective. We do not find it necessary to exclude referees who have reviewed a paper for another journal; the fact that two journals have independently identified a particular person as well qualified to referee a paper does not decrease the validity of her/his opinion in our view.
Publication policy and ethical considerations
In spite of the journal best efforts to identify breaches of publication policy or ethical conduct, such as plagiarism or author conflict of interest, the referees who are more familiar with the field are more likely to recognise such problems and should alert the editors to any potential problems in this regard.
These guidelines complies with the requirements of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) that review best practice and ethical standards in the conduct and reporting of research and other material published in medical journals.
The journal considers manuscripts in the following categories: reports of original research, review articles, case reports, editorials, reviewer commentaries, etc. While preparing a manuscript for journal, authors should determine the manuscript type and then prepare manuscript according to the specific instructions presented below.
The manuscript should be typed in a Microsoft Word file, single-column format, 1.5-spaced with 2.5 cm margins on left side, 1.0 cm – right side, up and down – 2.0 cm and 12-point type in Times New Roman font. Decimal points should be used in decimals throughout the manuscript. Measurements should be reported using the metric system according to the International System of Units (SI). Illustrations (tables, figures) should be titled, sequentially numbered and presented within the relevant places of the manuscript, and refered to the text.
All abbreviations in the text must be defined the first time they are used (both in the abstract and the main text), and the abbreviations should be displayed in parentheses after the definition. Authors should avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract and limit their use in the main text.
Manuscripts for publication are accepted either in Ukrainian, Russian or English languages from any country. Abstracts are published in three languages (Ukrainian, Russian and English). The journal does not provide translation and editing articles in English; low-quality written articles in English are not published. The English article submitted by foreign and Ukrainian authors are published without translation in Ukrainian.
Identification of article type is the first step of manuscript submission because article type dictates the guidelines that should be used (see below), including formatting and page limits of the manuscript. The main categories of article type are outlined below:
Original articles contains substantial novel research. These articles can include randomized controlled trials, observational (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional) studies, diagnostic accuracy studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, nonrandomized behavioral and public health intervention trials. Manuscript of the original article consists of follow sections: title page, main text, abstracts with key words (English, if possible – Russian, Ukrainian), additional information, references.
Title (first) page indicates (up down) Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), article title (capital letters), author names (initials and family name), institutional name, city, country.
The main text should be structured with the following subheadings: introduction (wider context that generated the study and the hypothesis based on the literature datа no older than 5-7 years), objective, materials and methods, results and discussions (presenting the data in text, tables and figures with statistical analysis, interpretation and significance of the findings), conclusions with indications of the future research direction, acknowledgements, conflict of interest, references. The main text should not exceed 8 pages, excluding the abstract, references, tables, and figure legends. There should be a maximum of 30 references.
Last page must contain signatures of all authors, full author’s names, their scientific degree and titles, job position, full institutional mailing addresses, numbers of telephones, ORCID ID, scientific contributions and responsibilities of all authors. Must be indicated the contact person (responding author).
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Only papers directly related to the article should be cited. Citations should be numbered in alphabetical order. Papers in press and papers already submitted for publication may be included in the list of references but no citation is required for work that is not yet submitted for publication.
Abstracts should not exceed 250 words and should be structured with the following subheadings: background, objective, materials and methods, results, conclusions and key words. All titles of headings should be highlighted. The manuscript should contain the abstracts in Ukrainian, Russian and English, self-contained and citation-free. At the end of the abstract, the key words are listed.
Review Article is a comprehensive analysis of specific topics in medicine, which is written by author (s) with extensive experience and publications on the review subjects. All review articles will also undergo peer review prior to acceptance. Review articles must not exceed 12 pages for the main text (excluding references, tables, and figure legends) and 400 words for the abstract. A review article can be signed by no more than 5 authors and can have no more than 50 references.
Case report represents interesting rare cases containing a substantial novel finding. Cases should be unique, representing a diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and having a learning point for the readers. Abstracts of case reports should mainly include information about the case and should be lim ited to a maximum of 250 words. The abstract must begin on a separate page and should be structured with the following subheadings: background, case report and conclusion. The main text of case reports should be structured with the following subheadings: introduction, case report, discussion, and references. Case reports must not exceed 7 pages (excluding references, tables, and figure legends). Case reports can be signed by no more than 5 authors and can have no more than 10 references and 5 figures or tables.
Letter to the Editor must not exceed 7 pages (excluding references). An abstract is not required with this type of manuscripts. A letter can be signed by no more than 4 authors and can have no more than 5 references and 1 figure or table.
Other. Editorials, reviewer commentaries, book reviews, and reports on publication and research ethics are requested by the Editorial Board.
Submission of a manuscript
The manuscript is submitted for publication as a hard copy by mail or via electronic mail firstname.lastname@example.org. The manuscript must be accompanied with the official (cover) letter from the institution where the research was carried out, singed by institutional authorities (research advisor) and sealed, and expert conclusion (publishing expert committee) indicating the possibility for publishing.
Cover letter. The cover letter should include the article title and the full name of the author(s). The in the content of the letter author(s) should briefly summarize why submitted article paper is a valuable addition to the scientific literature and specify the type of article (for example, original article, case report, review article, etc.). The cover letter should also include a statement declaring the absence or presence of a conflict of interest, research studies and preparation of the manuscript were done in accordance with standards of research and publication ethics. Furthermore, there should be a statement that the manuscript has not already been published, accepted or under simultaneous review for publication elsewhere. The journal does not accept multiple submission and duplicate submission even though the previous one was published in a different language.
Expert institutional conclusion for publishing. Each institution where research studies are conducted has expert committee. The main aim of the expert committee is to provide pre-publish review of articles (publishing and ethical standards, approval of institutional ethic committee, confidentiality, innovation of article reports, conflict of interest, etc.). The result of this review is an approval for possibility of publication which is submitted with the cover letter and manuscript.
Components of manuscript
Please note that original articles must contain the following components. Please see below for further details
Title page. Manuscript shoud be numbered from the first to the last page and signed by all authors (including tables and figures). The first page indicates Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), paper title (capital letters), author names (initials and family name), institutional name, city, country.
The title should be brief and informative, of 150 characters or less, convey the essential message of the paper and contain no abbreviations. On the top of the page left side should be posted the signature of institutional authorities (research advisor) certified by the institutional seal.
Abstracts. Original articles, review articles and case reports should include an abstract. The abstract should be written in English languages (if possible – Russian, Ukrainian). Abstracts for original articles should be structured with the following subheadings: background, objective, materials and methods, results, conclusions and key words. Abstracts for case reports should be structured with the following subheadings: background, case report, and conclusion. Abstracts for review articles should not be structured. Editorials, letters to the Editor, and commentaries should not contain an abstract.
Introduction. The Introduction should assume that the reader is knowledgeable in the field and should therefore be as brief as possible, but can include a short historical review where desirable. The relevance и significance of the research are highlighted, the goals and objectives of the studies are justified. The introduction is outlining the wider context that generated the study and the hypothesis. Introduction may contain 10-15 references to scientific periodicals which were published for the last 5–7 years.
Materials and methods. This section should contain sufficient detail, so that all experimental procedures can be reproduced, and include references. Methods, however, that have been published in detail elsewhere should not be described in detail. Authors should provide the name of the manufacturer and their location for any specifically named medical equipment and instruments, and all drugs should be identified by their pharmaceutical names, and by their trade name if relevant.
When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures were conducted in accordance with bioethical standards and assessed by the local ethics committee or national bioethics commission. The same applies to researcher involving laboratory animals. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether all necessary procedures were carried out in accordance with national and international standards for the care and use of laboratory animals. All procedures should be described in this section.
For example: "The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee (LEC) or National Bioethics Committee of all participating institution”,
«When carrying out experiments with laboratory animals, all bioethical norms and recommendations were observed»
For articles concerning experimental research on humans, a statement should be included that shows informed consent of patients and volunteers was obtained following a detailed explanation of the procedures that they may undergo.
For example: “The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies".
Conclusions. The final paragraph should highlight the main conclusion(s), and provide some indication of the direction future research should take.
Acknowledgements. The authors may express their gratitude to the people and organizations contributed to the article to be published in the journal, but not being the authors. Should include sources of support including sponsorship (e.g. university, charity, commercial organization) and sources of material (e.g. novel drugs) not available commercially.
Conflict of Interest. Authors must declare whether or not there are any competing financial interests in relation to the work described. This information must be included at this stage and will be published as part of the paper. Conflict of interest should also be noted on the cover letter and as part of the submission process. Declaration of the conflict of interest is obligatory
Example: “The authors declare they have no conflict of interest”
References. Authors are encouraged to cite primary literature rather than review articles in order to give credit to those who have performed the original work. Reference listings must be in accordance with ICMJE standards and numbered at the end of the manuscript in the alphabetic order. While citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up to date publications. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited using Arabic numbers in square brackets. The reference style of publications are presented in the following example:
Reference to an article from journal:
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. (2005). Title of the article. Title of Journal. 10(2);3:49-53.
Reference to a book:
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. (2006). Titile of the book. Kyiv: MedEspert: 256.
Tables. The tables must have the heading and the serial number. The notes on the table are placed straight under the table. All tables should be referred to within the main text and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text. A descriptive title should be provided for all tables and the titles should be placed above the tables. Tables should be presented within the main document after the reference list. Reference to table footnotes should be made by means of Arabic numerals. Tables should not duplicate the content of the text. They should consist of at least two columns; columns should always have headings. Authors should ensure that the data in the tables are consistent with those cited in the relevant places in the text, totals add up correctly, and percentages have been calculated correctly. Unlike figures or images, tables may be embedded into the word processing software if necessary, or supplied as separate electronic files.
Figures. The number of illustrations (figures, diagrams, Ысуьы ) should be minimal. Illustrations (graphics, figures and schemes) are built in Word or Excel programs, photos should be saved in one of the following formats: PDF, TIFF, PSD, EPS, AI, CDR, QXD, INDD, JPG (150-600 dpi). Tables and figures are placed in the text of the article immediately after the first mentioned. In the caption to the figure its name is given, and explanation of all the conventional symbols (numbers, letters, curves, etc.). Tables should be compact, numbered, and named. The table numbers, their headings and digital data processed statistically must exactly match the ones given in the text
Archiving and self-archiving policy
The journal supports the self-archiving process. Prior to publication in the journal, authors may post a copy of their manuscript in preparation or submitted to the journal in recognized non-commercial preprint servers, public websites. Authors also are encouraged to archive their final author version of the manuscript in their institution's repositories and, if they wish, on their personal websites. Authors should cite the publication reference and DOI number on the first page of any deposited version, and provide a link from it to the URL of the published article on the journal's website.
To facilitate self-archiving of original research papers and help authors fulfil funder and institutional mandates, the journal deposits manuscripts in National Library of Ukraine by V.I. Vernadsky (http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/ ), Scientific periodicals of Ukraine database and different international scintificd database on behalf of authors who opt-in to this free service during submission. The journal provides depositing of articles on official website of the publisher “MedExper”. The full text access to published papers is free.
Any submitted manuscripts are treated as confidential documents. Editor(s) and editorial staff are obliged not to disclose any information about a submitted paper to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Review is performed on a double-blind basis – the identities of peer reviewers and authors are kept confidential. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Acknowledgement of authorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to
– conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data;
– drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
– final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met.
Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author. Editors may ask authors to describe what each contributed; this information may be published.
All members of the group who are named as authors, either in the authorship position below the title or in a footnote, should fully meet the above criteria for authorship. Group members who do not meet these criteria should be listed, with their permission, in the Acknowledgments or in an appendix. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the coauthors. Authors may wish to explain the order of authorship in a footnote.
Increasingly, multicenter trials are attributed to a corporate or corresponding author. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the article and have agreed to its submission for publication
The authors are responsible for the content of the article and for the fact of its publication. The editorial staff reserves the right to shorten and edit the articles submission.
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