• Spinal dysraphism. Clinical, neurological and diagnostic features. The cases from practice 
en To content Full text of article

Spinal dysraphism. Clinical, neurological and diagnostic features. The cases from practice 


PERINATOLOGIYA I PEDIATRIYA.2016.1(65):125-128;doi 10.15574/PP.2016.65.125 

Spinal dysraphism. Clinical, neurological and diagnostic features. The cases from practice 

Shevchenko О. A.

SI «Institute of Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology National academy of medical sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv 

This article provides basic information about the actual problem of modern medicine — spinal dysraphism, in particular Spina bifida. Despite some achievements of methods of prenatal diagnosis and prevention, this anomaly is a common congenital anomalies and significant factor of the invalidisation. This should be considered for optimization of pre- and postnatal diagnostics, prevention and treatment of this anomaly. Description of clinical cases from practice is described. 

Key words: spinal dysraphism, Spina bifida, congenital abnormalities of the central nervous system, prevention, diagnosis, treatment. 


1. Bitsadze VO, Makatsariya AD. 2007. Printsipyi profilaktiki razvitiya defektov nervnoy trubki ploda. Farmateka. 1: 26—28.

2. Vrozhdennyie poroki razvitiya: prenatalnaya diagnostika i taktika. Pod red BM Petrikovskogo, MV Medvedeva, EV Yudinoy. 1-e izd. Moskva, RAVUZDPG, Realnoe vremya, 1999: 256.

3. Elikbaev GM, Hachatryan VA, Karabekov AK. 2008. Vrozhdennyie spinalnyie patologii u detey. Shyimkent: 80.

4. Adzick NS, Thom EA, Spong CY, Brock JW. 2011. A Randomized Trial of Prenatal versus Postnatal Repair of Myelomeningocele. N Engl J Med. 364: 993—1004.

5. Adzick NS. 2010. Fetal myelomeningocele: natural history, pathophysiology, and in(utero intervention. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 15(1): 9—14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.siny.2009.05.002; PMid:19540177 PMCid:PMC3248827

6. Appasamy M, Roberts D, Pilling D, Buxton N. 2006. Antenatal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in localizing the level of lesion in Spina bifida and correlation with postnatal outcome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 27(5): 530—536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.2755; PMid:16619377

7. Burmeister R, Hannay HJ, Copeland К et al. 2005. Attention problems and executive functions in children with Spina bifida and hydrocephalus. Child Neuropsychology. 11(3): 265—283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/092970490911324; PMid:16036451

8. Banich MA, Brown W. 2000. A lifespan perspective on interaction between the cerebral hemispheres. Developmental Neuropsychology. 18(1): 1—10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15326942DN1801_1; PMid:11143800

9. Barnes M. 2004. Reading and writing skills in young adults with Spina bifida and hydrocephalus. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 10(5): 655—663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617704105055; PMid:15327713

10. Botto LD, Moore CA, Khoury MJ. 1999. Neural tube defects. N Engl J Med. 341: 1509—1519.

11. Canfield MA, Marengo L, Ramadhani TA. 2009. The prevalence and predictors of anencephaly and Spina bifida in Texas. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 23(1): 41—50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3016.2008.00975.x; PMid:19228313

12. Chen CP. 2008. Prenatal diagnosis, fetal surgery, recurrence risk and differential diagnosis of neural tube defects. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 47: 283—290.

13. Lindquist B, Uvebrant Р, Rehn Е, Carlsson G. 2009. Cognitive functions in children with myelomeningocele without hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst. 25(8): 969—975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-009-0843-5; PMid:19263057

14. Vannemreddy P, Nourbakhsh А, Willis В, Guthikonda B. 2010. Congenital Chiari malformation. Neurology India. 58(1): 6—14. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.60387; PMid:20228456

15. Dias MS. 2005. Neurosurgical management of myelomeningocele (Spina bifida). Pediatr Rev. 26: 50—60.

16. Moldenhauer JS, Soni S, Rintoul NE, Adzick NS. 2014, Aug. 15. Fetal Myelomeningocele Repair: The Post-MOMS Experience at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy.Published online.

17. Mizuno J, Nakagawa H, Yamada T, Watabe T. 2002. Intrathoracic giant meningocele developing hydrothorax: a case report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 15: 529—532.

18. Juranek J, Salman MS. 2010. Anomalous development of brain structure and function in Spina bifida myelomeningocele. Developmental Disabilities. 1: 23—30.

19. Mitchell LE. 2005. Epidemiology of neural tube defects. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 135: 88—94.

20. Mitchell LE. 2004. Spina bifida. Lancet. 364(9448): 1885—1895.

21. Kibar Z, Torban Е, McDearmid JR, Reynolds А. 2007. Mutations in VANGL1 Associated with Neural—Tube Defects. N Engl J Med. 356: 1432—1437.

22. Nikkila А, Rydhstrom H, Kallen B. 2006. The incidence of Spina bifida in Sweden 1973—2003: the effect of prenatal diagnosis. European Journal of Public health. 16(6): 660—662. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckl053; PMid:16672253

23. Gutierrez FR, Woodard PK, Fleishman MJ et al. 1994. Normal anatomy and congenital anomalies of the spine and spinal cord. In: Osborn A.G., Maack H. (eds.). Diagnostic neuroradiology. 1st ed. St. Louis: Mosby: 785—819.

24. Paladini D. 2007. Sonographic examination of the fetal central nervous system: guidelines for performing the «basic examination» and the «fetal neurosonogram». Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 29: 109—116.

25. Rose BM. 2007. Attention and executive functions in adolescents with Spina bifida. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 32(8): 983—994. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsm042; PMid:17556398

26. Sebold CD, Melvin EC, Siegel D. 2005. Recurrence risks for neural tube defects in siblings of patients with lipomyelomeningocele. Genet Med. 7: 64—67.

27. Fletcher JM, Copeland К, Frederick JA. 2005. Spinal lesion level in Spina bifida: a source of neural and cognitive heterogeneity. J Neurosurg. 102; 3 Suppl: 268—279.

28. Griffiths PD, Porteous M, Mason G, Russel S. 2012. The use of in utero MRI to supplement ultrasound in the foetus at high risk of developmental brain or spine abnormality. The British Journal of Radiology. 85: e1038—e1045.

29. Thompson DNP. 2010. Spinal dysraphic anomalies; classification, presentation and management. Paediatrics and Child Health. 20(9): 397—403. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2010.03.011

30. Pilu G, Ghi T, Carletti A et al. 2007. Three-dimensional ultrasound examination of the fetal central nervous system. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 30: 233—245.

31. Tortori-Donati Р, Rossi А, Cama А. 2000. Spinal dysraphism: a review of neuroradiological features with embryological correlations and proposal for a new classification. Neuroradiology. 42(7): 471—491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002340000325

32. Vinck A, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW, Roeleveld NJ. 2010. Motor profile and cognitive functioning in children with Spina bifida. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 14(1): 86—92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2009.01.003; PMid:19237302

33. Williams LJ, Rasmussen SA, Flores A. 2005. Decline in the prevalence of Spina bifida and anencephaly by race/ethnicity: 1995—2002. Pediatrics. 116(3): 580—586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-0592

Содержание журнала Full text of article