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Psychosocial aspects of childbirth

HEALTH OF WOMAN. 2018.5(132):15–18; doi 10.15574/HW.2018.132.15

Zhuk S. I. , Shchurevskaya O. D.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kiev

The level of population migration is growing up over the world. Pregnant women are the most vulnerable category of migrants. Their psychosocial problems cause problems in their reproductive health.

The objective: to research the influence of psychosocial factors on the course of labor in migrants women.

Materials and methods. Determined the psychological status, studied the course of labor in 734 women resettled (the main group). Control group – 5,000 births in the family living in Kyiv.

Results. According to the results of this study, in 23.5% of women migrants were pathological births, in 76.5% – physiological births against 20.2% and 79.8% in the control group, respectively.

The main proportion of pathological births in both groups was the delivery by caesarean section, the frequency of which practically does not differ between groups, but the structure of evidence has significant differences that may be related to psychosocial factors.

Conclusion. The obtained results showed the presence of the psychosocial factors influence on the structure of pathological births and complications in vaginal births: fast infected childbirths with high levels of obstetrical trauma.

Key words: pregnancy, childbirth, stress, cesarean section, complications.

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