- Protein and energy intake of premature babies during parenteral feeding
Protein and energy intake of premature babies during parenteral feeding
SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.6(86):56-60; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.86.56
Sydorenko I., Shunko Ye., Baranovska O., Tyshkevich V.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine
Perinatal center of Kyiv, Ukraine
The purpose is to study the protein and energy supplement during total and partial parenteral nutrition in premature infants with very low birth weight.
Materials and methods. Retrospective analysis of nutrients supply, biochemistry of blood and growth of 145 premature infants with birth weight less than 1500 g during parenteral nutrition was made.
Results. Improved energy supply led to a more rapid recovery of body weight and the better weight gain in the first month of life. Gestational age showed a significant negative correlation with blood urea concentrations during parenteral nutrition, especially after 6 days of life (r=-0.76). The relationship between the level of blood urea and protein was observed only on the 2nd day of life (r=0.6), but it was not statistically significant. A statistically significant relationship χ2=24.8 (φ=0.37, p=0.001) between blood urea more than 9 mmol/l and non-protein energy less than 20 kcal of per 1 g of protein was found.
Conclusions. The supply enough of protein without insufficient energy does not improve postnatal growth of very low birth weight premature infants.
Key words: parenteral nutrition, very low birth weight infant, protein, energy.
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