• Prevention efficacy of main dental diseases in pregnant women in condition of a big city

Prevention efficacy of main dental diseases in pregnant women in condition of a big city

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.6(86):61-66; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.86.61

Kuzmina V. A., Yakubova І. І.
Private Higher Educational Institution «Kyiv Medical University», Ukraine

Prophylaxis of the main dental diseases across pregnancy is an important link in preserving the dental health of pregnant women and antenatal caries prophylaxis of temporary and permanent teeth in children.
Objective: to study the efficacy of dental diseases prevention regimen in pregnant women in a large city.
Material and methods. In total 67 pregnants aged from 18 to 34 years were followed-up. All pregnant women were divided into the main group (MG) and control group (CG). After the dental screening and filling in the documentation, women were divided into the dental dispensary groups (DDGs). The efficiency of the implemented treatment-and-prophylactic regimen was estimated by the DMFT, DMFS, PMA index dynamics at the beginning of the first trimester and at the end of the third trimester of pregnancy (within 6 months of observation).
Results. The efficiency of the proposed treatment-and-prophylactic regimen for pregnant women was proved by a 4.67 times lower caries index in pregnants of MG as compared to those of CG (0.30±0.06 tooth and 1.4±0.13 tooth, respectively). In women of MG at the end of the study, PMI had a tendency to decrease and amounted to 11.67±1.87%, whereas in CG, on the contrary, it tended to increase and made up 26.81±2.90.
Conclusions. Complications of pregnancy and extragenital pathology significantly increase the risk of caries lesions and inflammatory periodontal diseases in pregnant women. The necessity of regular prophylactic and medical examinations of pregnant women by dentist is proved.
Key words: pregnancy, dental caries intensity, dental dispensary group, inflammation of periodontal tissues.

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