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Meningococcal infection in children 

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA. 2014. 7(63):89–95; doi 10.15574/SP.2014.63.89 

Meningococcal infection in children 

Volokha A. P. 

Neisseria meningitidis is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults in the Ukraine and in the world. The clinical manifestations of meningococcal disease can be quite varied, ranging from transient fever and bacteremia to fulminant disease with death ensuing within hours of the onset of clinical symptoms. Recent advances include greater knowledge about the pathogenesis of meningococcal infection, improvement of early diagnosis and prophylaxis of disease. Prevention represents the first approach for avoiding serious complications and possible death. The availability of vaccines able to cover all important serotypes of pathogen represents a great opportunity for the decrease of the burden of severe form of disease. 

Key words: meningococcal infection, diagnosis, prophylaxis. 

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