- The incidence of chickenpox of the population of Zhytomyr region (child and adult) in 2015–2017
The incidence of chickenpox of the population of Zhytomyr region (child and adult) in 2015–2017
SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2018.8(96):61-64; doi 10.15574/SP.2018.96.61
Sinyak Yu. P., Kupryianenko A. V.
MHEI «Zhytomyr Medical Institute» Zhytomyr Regional Council, Ukraine
The urgency of the problem lies in the fact that chickenpox is mainly affected by children. With this disease and possible development of complications caused by both the direct action of the virus, and the accession of a secondary bacterial infection.
Objectives: to analyze the level of morbidity in the Varicella of children and adults in Zhytomyr region.
Design and methods. To achieve the goal, the statistical method is used.
Results. In the course of the analysis of the incidence of diseases by age it was established that the share of children's population in 2015 was 70.7%. Often, children aged 5–9 years were ill, the share of this age interval among the children of childhood was 47.3%. In 2016, an increase in the incidence of both the general and the children's population was observed — the proportion of children accounted for 79.4% of cases. The age range with the highest incidence has changed in the direction of reduction — in 2016, the highest incidence was observed at the age of 1–4 years. The share of adults among all patients was the lowest in 2016 — 20.5% of all cases. In 2017, there was an increase in the incidence in general and, especially among adults. In 2017 among children, the highest incidence was in the age range of 5–9 years.
Conclusions. The results of the study showed that chickenpox is a fairly widespread disease among the adult and infant population of Zhytomyr region. Most often, the Varicella–Zoster virus (VZV) affects children 5–9 years old, that is, preschool age, and to a lesser extent — school.
Key words: Varicella, morbidity in Zhytomyr region, adult population, pediatric population.
1. Gaborets Yu Yu, Dudina OO, Dudnyk SV. (2018). Trends in the incidence of children's population in Ukraine. Ukraine. Health of the nation. 3(50): 119.
2. On Approval of Clinical Protocols for the Provision of Medical Aid in Emergencies at Children at Hospital and Pre-Hospital Stages. Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated August 31, 2004 No. 437. http://www.moz.gov.ua.
3. On Approval of Protocols for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases in Children. Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated July 9, 2004 No. 354. http://www.moz.gov.ua.
4. On Protection of the Population against Infectious Diseases. Order of the Ministry of Health dated April 6, 2000 No. 1645-111. http://www.moz.gov.ua.
5. On the Procedure for Prophylactic Vaccinations in Ukraine and Quality Control and Circulation of Medical Immunological Drugs. Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated Febriary 3, 2006 No. 48. http://www.moz.gov.ua.
6. Slabkiy GO, Gaborets YYu, Dudina OO. (2018). Characteristics of the morbidity of children in the first year of life. Ukraine. Health of the nation. 3(50).
7. Davis MM, Patel MS, Gebremariam A. (2004). Decline in varicella-related hospitalizations and expenditures for children and adults after introduction of varicella vaccine in the United States. Pediatrics. 114; 3: 786—792. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2004-0012; PMid:15342855
8. Lichenstein R. (2006, June 13). Chicken Pox or Varicella. Pediatrics. www.emedicine.com.
9. Parang N Mehta (2006, July 26). Varicella. www.emedicine.com.
10. Seward JF, Watson BM, Peterson CL. (2002). Varicella disease after introduction of varicella vaccine in the United States, 1995—2000. JAMA. 5: 606—611. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.5.606
11. Vazquez M. (2004). Varicella zoster virus infections in children after the introduction of live attenuated varicella vaccine. Curr Opin Pediatr. 16; 1: 80—84. https://doi.org/10.1097/00008480-200402000-00015; PMid:14758119
Article received: Jul 30, 2018. Accepted for publication: Dec 06, 2018.