• Hypothyroidism in children (lecture for paediatricians and general practitioners)

Hypothyroidism in children (lecture for paediatricians and general practitioners)

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.6(86):17-27; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.86.17

Mamenko M. Ye.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine

The functional depression of thyroid gland negatively affects the child's growth, physical, neuropsychic and mental development, metabolic activity and energy balance. Low-specific and subclinical course of hypothyroidism often leads to late diagnosis, which reduces the efficacy treatment. Special attention should be paid to the congenital and subclinical forms of acquired hypothyroidism in children as the most frequent manifestations of thyroid hypofunction. Awareness of the symptoms, methods of primary diagnosis and the possibilities of modern therapy by paediatricians and general practitioners is a prerequisite for the timely detection of hypothyroidism in paediatric population and its adequate correction.
Key words: hypothyroidism, children, diagnosis, treatment.

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