• Frequency of affective disorders in adults of the Podilsky region of Ukraine

Frequency of affective disorders in adults of the Podilsky region of Ukraine

PERINATOLOGY AND PEDIATRIC. UKRAINE. 2018.4(76):106-112; doi 10.15574/PP.2018.76.106

Lysytsia Yu.
National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnitsa, Ukraine

Affective disorders are extremely common in adolescent children. The most prominent are indicators of the level of anxiety and the range of depressive disorders.

Aim: to investigate the level of affective disorders in teenagers in the Podillya region.

Materials and methods. 377 pupils aged 12–17 years old attended the study, including 295 girls and 83 boys. City children 64, rural — 256, including 44 children who were studying at a boarding school. The personal and reactive anxiety in children was evaluated according to the method of Ch.D.Spilberg–Yu.L.Khanin, the study of school anxiety was performed using the Phillips test, quantitative indices of the spectrum of depressive symptoms were determined using the questionnaire for childhood depression, developed by Maria Kovach (1992).

Results. High reactive anxiety (50.01±3.04) was found in 43.9% of the subjects, moderate (39.14±3.5) in 31.1% of subjects. Fear of self-expression was detected in 87% of the people, among them increased in 57% of the subjects, high — in 30% of the surveyed schoolchildren. Problems and fears in relation to teachers took place in 75% of the people, from them increased — in 52% of the studied students, in 23% — high rates. On methodology of М. Kovach for the 40,4% persons of senior teens (15–17) educed the symptoms of depression, among them for 37,9% children from incomplete families, for 16,7% children from complete families and for 45,5% orphans; among teenagers 12–14 — for 55% persons, from them for 20,6% semior-phans, for 17,7% children from complete families, and for 61,7% orphans.

Conclusions: high indexes of personality and reactive anxiety, negative background in relationships with teachers for 75% persons, exposure of different degree of spectrum of the depressed and subdepressed disorders for 55% schoolchildren by age 12–14 and for 37,9% persons 15–17 testify age to the necessity of active adaptive influence of school psychologists on the поведінкові reactions of students and work with parents and teachers.

Key words: teenagers, depression, personality, reactive and school anxiety.

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Article received: Jun 25, 2018. Accepted for publication: Nov 22, 2018.