• Features of the respiratory diseases pathogenesis in children with benign mediastinal formations
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Features of the respiratory diseases pathogenesis in children with benign mediastinal formations

Paediatric Surgery.2017.3(56):120-122; doi 10.15574/PS.2017.56.120

Kravchuk B. О., Sokur P. P., Getman V. G.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine

Authors analysed treatment outcomes in 294 children with mediastinal benign tumors and cysts. Two variants of clinical course were identified: asymptomatic and typical. Mediastinal compression syndrome was the main manifestation in the typical clinical course. Depending upon organ compression there were five syndromes identified: respiratory, hemodynamic, dysphagic, neurogenic, osteogenic. The main syndrome was respiratory one. The «local immobilization» of respiratory tract was indicated as the first level of airways compression and trigger mechanism in pathogenesis of respiratory syndrome. The diagnosis is made primarily by radiologic method. The treatment of benign mediastinal formations is surgical.
Key words: children, mediastinum, tumors, clinical syndromes, pathogenesis.

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