• Features of psychoemotional condition and stress-assosiatate hormons bioproduction in pregnant women after application of assisted reproductive technologies

Features of psychoemotional condition and stress-assosiatate hormons bioproduction in pregnant women after application of assisted reproductive technologies

HEALTH OF WOMAN. 2018.5(132):118–121; doi 10.15574/HW.2018.132.121

Vygivska L. M. , Usevych I. A. , Maidannyk I. V. , Oleshko V. F.
Bogomolets National Medical University, Kiev

The article represents the results of a prospective clinical and paraclinical examination of women with a history of infertility, pregnancy in which occurred as a result of the assisted reproductive technologies application.

The objective: was to study the dynamics of pregnancy features of the psycho – emotional state and the concentration of stress-associated hormones in the serum of pregnant women after the application of assisted reproductive technologies in order to improve the tactics of antenatal care and prevention of obstetric and perinatal complications.

Materials and methods. The main group consisted of 80 pregnant women with endocrine infertility, in which pregnancy occurred as a result of therapeutic cycles of ART, control – 50 first-pregnant women with spontaneous fertilization, taken in an arbitrary order of clinical, statistical and laboratory and instrumental studies. In pregnant women of the study groups, in order to determine the psycho emotional state in the screening mode, a clinical interview was conducted by filling out questionnaires that contained the Spilberger test questions in modification of Y.L. Hanina and «Test of relationof pregnant» by the method of I.V. Dobryakova.

In the dynamics of pregnancy, the concentration of prolactin (PRL) and cortisol (K) was determined by the enzyme immunoassay on the Reader-MSR-1000 apparatus using test systems manufactured by Hema-Medicament (Russia).

Results. Pregnant women with infertility in past history were characterized by a state of chronic stress. According to the results of the Spielberger test in modification Y .L. Hanina every second pregnant of main group had a high level of reactive and every fourth personal anxiety. Almost 90.0% of pregnant women after art are characterized by the presence of pathological PKGD, among which an alarming and depressive type was registered in every sixth and twelfth pregnant woman, respectively. The obtained data are confirmed by the results of the study of the level of K and PRL. For women with a history of infertility and pregnancy, which is the result of therapeutic cycles of ART, inherent in increasing concentrations of stress-associated hormones – cortisol and prolactin, which is one of the reasons for the complicated course of pregnancy and requires reasonable pathogenetic correction.

Conclusion. For women who are pregnant as a result of the use of therapeutic cycles of art characterized by a high level of personal and reactive anxiety and PKGD, which confirm the presence of neuropsychiatric and afferent disorders. Increasing the concentration of stress-associated hormones is one of the causes of complicated pregnancy and requires a reasonable pathogenetic correction.

Key words: pregnancy, infertility, assisted reproductive technologies, psychological status, cortisol, prolactin.

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