• Features of endocrinological status and fetoplacental complex in pregnant women with adenomyosis

Features of endocrinological status and fetoplacental complex in pregnant women with adenomyosis

HEALTH OF WOMAN. 2018.3(129):104–107; doi 10.15574/HW.2018.129.104

Skripchenko N. Y., Pavlova O. M., Mazur T. M.
SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, NAMS of Ukraine», Kiev

The objective: to study the features of the endocrinological status and the fetoplacental complex in pregnant women with adenomyosis, the course of pregnancy and childbirth in these women, to develop new, systematize and improve the existing methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of complications and reproductive losses.
Materials and methods. We examined 90 pregnant women who were divided into groups: 30 healthy women – control group, a comparison group of 30 women with adenomyosis receiving classic progesterone therapy and the main group of 30 women with adenomatosis who received advanced preserving, metabolic therapy and diet therapy. The condition of the feto-placental complex, the frequency of IUGR, hemodynamic disturbances on the part of the fetus, and the level of estriol, progesterone, cortisol, chronic gonadotropin (CGL), placental lactogen were evaluated.
Results. The main complication in pregnant women with adenomyosis was placental dysfunction (the comparison group was 60.0% and the main group was 33.3%), whose structure was performed by compensated (58.2%) and subcompensated forms (35.8%). The frequency of preterm labor threat was 20.0% in comparison group and 13.3% in main one, while in the control group – 1 case, which is 3.3%. Frequency of SCR was in the comparison group – 20.0% and in the main – 3.3%. Low levels of estriol, progesterone, HHG, placental lactogen, increased cortisol levels in comparison and main groups were determined, and after treatment the indicators of the main group significantly improved.
Conclusions. With timely correction of violations, prevention of fetoplacental insufficiency and complex treatment with the use of advanced classical progesterone therapy in combination with metabolic and diet therapy we can significantly reduce the frequency of various complications in pregnant women with adenomyosis.
Key words: adenomyosis, pregnancy, non-pregnancy, diet therapy, metabolic therapy, preservation therapy, preventive care.

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