• Clinical status and peculiarities of microbiocenosis of periodontal tissues in adolescents with catarrhal gingivitis and chronic gastroduodenitis

Clinical status and peculiarities of microbiocenosis of periodontal tissues in adolescents with catarrhal gingivitis and chronic gastroduodenitis

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2018.5(93):20-25; doi 10.15574/SP.2018.93.20

Lisetska I. S., Rozhko M. M., Kutsyk R. V.
SHEI "IvanoFrankivsk National Medical University", Ukraine

Periodontal diseases rank second in the incidence and prevalence after caries and remain an actual problem of paediatric dentistry. This pathology occurs due to the wide range of factors. The pathological processes in periodontium particularly often occur in adolescents with general somatic diseases, including patients with gastrointestinal diseases.
Objective: to determine the peculiarities of clinical status and microbiocenosis of the periodontal tissues in adolescents with catarrhal gingivitis and chronic gastroduodenitis with subsequent planning of preventive and curative interventions.
Materials and methods. A clinical dental examination of 38 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years with generalized catarrhal gingivitis and chronic gastroduodenitis constituting the main group was carried out. The comparison group included 25 adolescents of similar age with diagnosed generalized catarrhal gingivitis without somatic pathology. As a control were used results of similar studies conducted in 20 adolescents of the corresponding age without signs of gingival inflammation and somatic diseases. Microbiological study of the periodontal sulcus content was also conducted.
Results. The course of gingivitis in the main group was predominantly chronic or in the exacerbation phase, of moderate severity, with the chief complaint of gingival bleeding.
The chronic catarrhal gingivitis of mild severity was predominantly diagnosed in the comparison group. The obtained findings of microbiological tests proved that the most likely cause of the inflammatory gingival process may be the development of oral dysbiosis against a background of somatic pathology (chronic gastroduodenitis) in combination with inadequate oral hygiene.
Conclusions. The catarrhal gingivitis prevalence in adolescents with chronic gastroduodenitis is higher than in those without any concomitant somatic pathology. In adolescents with catarrhal gingivitis, which associated with chronic gastroduodenitis, there are more marked quantitative and qualitative changes in the gingival microbiocenosis.
Key words: periodontal diseases, chronic gastroduodenitis, adolescents, generalized catarrhal gingivitis, microbiocenosis.

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Article received: Feb 26, 2018. Accepted for publication: Aug 30, 2018.