• Child abuse in Odessa region: epidemiology, clinical and psychoneurological features and consequences 
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Child abuse in Odessa region: epidemiology, clinical and psychoneurological features and consequences 

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2016.4(76):124-128; doi10.15574/SP.2016.76.124 

Child abuse in Odessa region: epidemiology, clinical and psychoneurological features and consequences 

Aryayev M., Senkivska L., Shevchenko I., Gudz V., Kuzmenko T.

Odessa National Medical University of Ministry of Health of Ukraine 

The paper presents the data of world literature in epidemiology and characteristics of the manifestations of child abuse. It was revealed that enough respondents in Odessa for both men and especially women, as a child had been ill-treated (65.6% of respondents). There is insufficient knowledge of the problem of child abuse: only 13% of respondents showed a high level of awareness about domestic violence. The most common forms of ill-treatment were emotional abuse 30.0% (95% CI 26.4–33.5) (especially for girls) and physical violence — 21.3% (95% CI 17.8–24.1) (especially for boys). It was found that a significant portion of respondents considered acceptable to use as punishment of children, different variants of the physical (27.6%, 95% CI 25.2–30.7) or aggressive psycho-emotional (21.4%; 95% CI 18.5 –23.5) exposure. Only 19.7% of respondents (95% CI 17.5–22.5) consider at all unacceptable methods of punishment any of child. It was found that a significant proportion of secondary school pupils of Odessa had insufficient level of awareness about core of the problem of school bullying — 85.6% (95% CI, 83.2% — 88.7%). Among the respondents, 86.3% (95% CI 83.2–88.7) students directly or indirectly faced with this phenomenon as a victim, the aggressor, the observer, or a victim advocate. In girls, the prevailing form of abuse is verbal bullying (72.0%, 95% CI 67.2–76.8), while the boys — physical bullying (21.6%; 95% CI 8.2–31.4). Psychosomatic diseases, psychoneurological syndromes, psychoemotional and cognitive disorders are the main clinical features and consequences of psychological abuse.

Key words: child abuse, school bullying, psychological abuse, children.


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