• Challenging issues of parenteral nutrition in very low birth weight infants

Challenging issues of parenteral nutrition in very low birth weight infants

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.5(85):121-125; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.85.121

Sydorenko I., Shunko Ie.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine

Very low birth weight premature babies almost have no energy reserved for the appropriate body functioning immediately after birth. The immature gastrointestinal tract does not ready to digest full enteral nutrition. The providing of early parenteral nutrition helps to stabilize the general condition, reduces the catabolic processes and ensures adequate growth and development. At the time of its preparing, it is important not only to improve infant nutrition, but also to minimize the potential negative consequences of parenteral nutrition. In this article some features of the main nutrients providing and ways of adverse effects correction are reviewed.
Key words: nutrition, very low birth weight infant.

References

1. Shunko Ye., Belova O. et al. (2016). Analysis of the parameters of postnatal growth in infants with very low body weight at birth in neonatal intensive care and special care units. Sovremennaya pediatriya. 2(74): 11-14.

2. Belova O. (2015). Postnatal growth of infants with very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight. Sovremennaya pediatriya. 8(72): 50-53.

3. Dobryansky D. (2011). Modern priorities of enteral nutrition in very low birth weight premature infants. Zdorov'ye rebenka. 4: 91-98.

4. Yerpuleva Yu. (2013). The differentiated approach in appointment of the fat emulsions in children's practice. The Russian Bulletin of Children’s Surgery, Anesthesiology and Resuscitation. III; 2: 80-89.

5. Bai-Horng Su. (2013). Optimizing Nutrition in Preterm Infants. Pediatr.Neonatol.

6. Cooke R.J. (2016). Improving growth in preterm infants during initial hospital stay: Principles into practice. Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal. Neonatal. Ed. 101: F366–F370. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-310097; PMid:26867763

7. Working GOPC, Working GONC, Working GONS. (2013). CSPEN guidelines for nutrition support in neonate. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 22(4): 655-663.

8. Chessex P, Watson C, Kaczala GW et al. (2010). Determinants of oxidant stress in extremely low birth weight premature infants. Free Rad Biol Med. 49: 1380–1386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.07.018; PMid:20692335

9. Garcia L. V., Erroz I. O., Freive M. M., Manuzuri A. P., Souto A. B., Pico M. L., Bermudez J. M. (2012). Early aggressive nutrition in very preterm infants. Anales de Pediatria. 76 (3): 127–132.

10. Moyses HE, Johnson MJ, Leaf AA, Cornelius VR. (2013). Early parenteral nutrition and growth outcomes in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 97: 816–826. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.042028; PMid:23446896

11. Ehrenkranz R.A. (2011). Early, aggressive nutrition mediates the influence of severity of illness on extremely LBW infants. Pediatr Res. 69: 522. https://doi.org/10.1203/PDR.0b013e318217f4f1

12. Embleton ND, Simmer K. (2014). Practice of parenteral nutrition in VLBW and ELBW infants. World Rev Nutr Diet. 110: 177–89. https://doi.org/10.1159/000358466; PMid:24751629

13. Moltu SJ, Blakstad EW, Strommen K et al. (2014). Enhanced feeding and diminished postnatal growth failure in very-low-birth-weight infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 58: 344–51. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000000220; PMid:24556755 PMCid:PMC3940525

14. Torrazza RM, Neu J. (2013). Evidence-Based Guidelines for Optimization of Nutrition for the Very Low Birthweight Infant. NeoReviews. 14: e340-e349. https://doi.org/10.1542/neo.14-7-e340

15. Dutta S (2015). Guidelines for Feeding Very Low Birth Weight Infants. Nutrients. 7; 1: 423–442. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7010423; PMid:25580815 PMCid:PMC4303848

16. Lauriti G, Zani A, Aufieri R, Cananzi M, Chiesa PL, Eaton S, Pierro A. (2014). Incidence, prevention, and treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis and intestinal failure-associated liver disease in infants and children: a systematic review. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 38(1): 70-85. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607113496280; PMid:23894170

17. Jadhav P., Parimi P.S., Kalhan S.C. (2007). Parenteral amino acid and metabolic acidosis in premature infants. J. Parenter. Enteral Nutr. 31: 278–283. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607107031004278; PMid:17595435 PMCid:PMC1905854

18. Kapoor V, Glover R, Malviya MN. (2015). Alternative lipid emulsions versus pure soy oil based lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (12): CD009172. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009172.pub2

19. Mahaveer A, Grime C, Morgan C. (2012). Increasing early protein intake is associated with a reduction in insulin-treated hyperglycemia in very preterm infants. Nutr Clin Pract. 27: 399–405. https://doi.org/10.1177/0884533612438730; PMid:22516941

20. Morgan J., Young L., McGuire W. (2015). Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001241.pub6; PMid:26469124

21. Patel P., Bhatia J. (2017). Total parenteral nutrition for the very low birth weight infant. Semin. Fetal. Neonatal Med. 22; 1: 2–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.siny.2016.08.002; PMid:27576106

22. Riskin A, Hartman C, Shamir R. (2015). Parenteral nutrition in very low birth weight preterm infants. Isr Med Assoc J. 17: 310-315. PMid:26137659