• Causes and consequences of iodine deficiency in a diet of women and children

Causes and consequences of iodine deficiency in a diet of women and children

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.8(88):12-20; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.88.12

Mamenko M. Ye., Shvets O. V.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine
Association of nutritionists of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Iodine is an essential micronutrient, which is necessary for the thyroid hormones production. Its insufficient or excessive feeding violates the thyroid function. The best way to get iodine is a balanced nutrition that contains a sufficient amount of iodine'rich foods (seafood, milk and dairy products). For the countries, in which the population is suffering from the iodine deficiency in food, the optimal strategy for its normalization is the use of iodized salt on a regular basis for cooking in households, food outlets and the food industry. Under conditions of insufficient food intake of iodine for the high'risk of iodine deficiency group (children, adolescents, pregnant women, lactating mothers), it is possible to use dietary supplements and drugs with physiological content of iodine.
Key words: iodine, thyroid gland, iodine deficiency disorder, prevention of iodine deficiency.


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