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Aseptic meningitis in children

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2014.1(57):39-43; doi 10.15574/SP.2014.57.39 

Aseptic meningitis in children 

Volokha A. P.

Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education 

Aseptic meningitis is a clinical syndrome of inflammation of the brain meninges with lymphocytic pleocytosis and absence of pus producing bacteria in cerebrospinal fluid. Aseptic meningitis is the most common infection of the central nervous system in children, occurring frequently in children younger than 1 year. The most common cause of aseptic meningitis is viral infection and enteroviruses — Coxsackie and ECHO viruses account for more than half of all cases. Clinical manifestations include headache, fever, and meningeal signs. Diagnostic work up includes blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination, serology and PCR of cerebrospinal fluid for detection of infectious etiology of diseases. Viral meningitis are usually benign syndrome. An important issue of management of patient with aseptic meningitis is early differential diagnostic of viral meningitis and tubercular meningitis. 

Key words: aseptic meningitis, viral meningitis, tuberculous meningitis, children. 

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