• Сharacteristics of course of community-acquired pneumonia among children from one to six years old nowadays

Сharacteristics of course of community-acquired pneumonia among children from one to six years old nowadays

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.2(82):66-69; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.82.66

Kravchenko L. G., Kopiyka H. K., Koval L. I., Zubarenko K. O., Rizhykova T. I., Doykova K. M.,  Sytnyk V. V.
Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine
Odessa City Children's Clinical Hospital Ak. B.J. Reznik, Ukraine

Objective: to analyze the course of community%acquired pneumonia in children aged from one to six years at the present time.
Material and methods. The study involved 63 children aged from one to six with community%acquired radiologically confirmed pneumonia, who were admitted to the hospital. Along with the general clinical research methods, two other methods were applied — the biochemical method (serum creatinine, urea, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase) and the instrumental method (chest X%ray, ECG, pulseoximetry, according to guidline — computed tomography).

Results. The study performs the frequency analysis of the main clinical and laboratory parameters of community-acquired pneumonia among children aged one to six. It was found that the typical clinical signs of pneumonia are present in (63.49±6.06)% of children aged one to six years with community-acquired pneumonia, while pneumonic hematological criteria ascertained twice less. At the time of our research was observed a high percentage of bronchial obstruction (39.68±7.93)% in children with community-acquired pneumonia and segmental pneumonia with a predominance of preschool children 69.69% odds ratio (OR) = 3.55 (95% CI 1.25; 10.07). In the acute period of community-acquired pneumonia the study revealed an increase of lactate dehydrogenase activity in (60.31±6.16)% of cases, indicating the intensity of energy metabolism. Based on the positive dynamics of the main clinical and laboratory parameters (98,41±1,57)% of cases with communityacquired pneumonia show efficacy of the hospital therapy with empiric antibiotic therapy and pathogenetic therapy. Only one case revealed destructive complications in a child suffering from a premorbid (intrauterine hypoxia, prematurity) background and the belated initiation of therapy.

Conclusions. The study determines (98.41±1.57)% as the number of children with community-acquired pneumonia aged one to six, who, nowadays, have acute course of disease. The community acquired pneumonia revealed itself in majority of patients with typical clinical signs and X-ray segmental morphological character of inflammation. One-third of cases was accompanied by BOS syndrome.

Keywords: children one to six years, community-acquired pneumonia, course of disease

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