• Role of clinical-anamnestic data in adenomyosis development at the present stage

Role of clinical-anamnestic data in adenomyosis development at the present stage

HEALTH OF WOMAN. 2017.4(120):54–56; doi 10.15574/HW.2017.120.54

Prudnikov P. M.
National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education P. L. Shupyk, Kiev

The objective: to study a role of clinical-anamnestic data in development and an adenomyosis current at the present stage.

Patients and methods. Еxamination of 110 patients, from which 60 – patients with an adenomyosis of different degree of activity and prevalence – the main group was conducted. Depending on degree of expression of the main clinical implications, characteristic for the adenomyosis, all studied patients with an adenomyosis (n=60) conditionally were divided into 2 clinical subgroups: 1.1 – the subgroup was made by 38 patients with clinically "active" adenomyosis; 1.2 a subgroup – 22 patients with clinically "inactive" adenomyosis. The control group was made by 50 patients of genesial and premenopausa age without adenomyosis

Results. As a result of the analysis of preliminary diagnoses at pre-hospital stage at patients with an adenomyosis their appreciable heterogeneity was taped. So, from 60 patients at 50% this diagnosis was made correctly, at 18.7% the adenomyosis was mistakenly taken for a hysteromyoma, at 11.7% – for hyperplasia and polyps an endometrium, at 6.7% – for dysfunctional uterine bleedings; at 3.3% – for cystoadenoma an ovary. 10.0% of patients a long time were surveyed and treated at the neuropathologist, the gastroenterologist, the therapist with suspicion on disk hernia, osteochondrosis, colitis, adherent process and so forth

Conclusin. On the basis of clinical-anamnestic yielded and results of gynecologic inspection the adenomyosis was suspected at 48 patients, from them is confirmed – in 28 cases. The share of false positive results made 41%. At the same time from 60 patients with the confirmed adenomyosis, in the clinical diagnosis this pathology was taken out at 31. Thus, the share of false-negative results made 48%. Sensitivity of a method – 51.7%, specificity – 59%. The received results need to be considered at early diagnostics and adenomyosis forecasting.

Key words: adenomyosis, clinic, anamnesis, diagnostics.

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