• Analysis of incidence and prevalence of diseases among children in Ukraine for the 2011@2015 period

Analysis of incidence and prevalence of diseases among children in Ukraine for the 2011@2015 period

SOVREMENNAYA PEDIATRIYA.2017.2(82):17-27; doi 10.15574/SP.2017.82.17

Moiseenko R. A., Dudina E. A., Goyda N. G.
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kiev, Ukraine
SI «Ukrainian Institute of Strategic Research of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Kiev

The analysis of main indicators of children's health, such as morbidity structure and disease prevalence of children of different age is shown in the article. The number of the children's population decreased from 8,003,281 children 0–17 years in 2011 to 7,185,122 in 2015, and morbidity rate (1,980.54 in 2011 and 1,742.3 in 2015 per 1,000 children) and prevalence of diseases (1,440.09 and 1,274.76 respectively) remain high. The reduction in these statistical data during the 2014 and 2015 periods contradicts the selective scientific researches, which determined incidence and morbidity levels 1,5%2 times higher than prevalence of diseases at school-aged children.

Over the period under investigation, infant mortality rate and incidence rate of one-year-old children decreased. This consequence is related to the introduced reform of reproductive health service and the perinatal care. The deterioration of other indicators is connected with the war in the East region of Ukraine, poverty of the population, as well as reforming of pediatric service, decrease of medical care availability, especially in the rural zone. Since 2010, 3,630 positions of pediatricians have been reduced, however, 905 positions of pediatricians are still vacant.

Key words: morbidity of children in Ukraine, prevalence, structure of diseases, dynamics, age periods.

References

1. Antypkin YuH, Arabska LP, Tolkach SI et al. 2005. Vplyv mikroseredovyshcha na stan zdorovia ditei doshkilnoho ta molodshoho shkilnoho viku, yaki prozhyvaiut v ekolohichno nespryiatlyvykh raionakh. Perinatologiya i pediatriya. 1-2 (23): 92—95.

2. Vsesvitnia orhanizatsiia okhorony zdorovia «Tsel ustoychivogo razvitiya v oblasti zdravoohraneniya». http://www.who.int/topics/sustainable-development-goals/ru/.

3. Globalnaya strategiya ohranyi zdorovya zhenschin i detey. VOZ, 2010.: 23. http://www.who.int/publications/list/pmnch_strategy_2010/ru/.

4. Lukianova OM, Kvashnina LV. 2004. Stan zdorovia ditei molodshoho shkilnoho viku ta shliakhy yoho korektsii. Perinatologiya i pediatriya. 1: 3—5.

5. Medychni kadry ta merezha zakladiv okhorony zdorovia systemy MOZ Ukrainy za 2013—2014 roky. 2015. Kyiv, DZ «Tsentr medychnoi statystyky Ministerstva okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy»:67.

6. Mezhdunarodnaya klassifikatsiya funktsionirovaniya, ogranicheniy zhiznedeyatelnosti i zdorovya detey i podrostkov MKF — DP Vsemirnaya organizatsiya zdravoohraneniya. 2016 g. Moskva: 241.

7. Moiseienko RO, Danylenko HM, Ponomarova LI. 2013. Osoblyvosti dynamiky zdorovia uchniv pochatkovoi ta osnovnoi shkoly. Sovremennaya pediatriya. 1(49): 13—17.

8. Natsionalna dopovid. Tsili rozvytku Tysiacholittia. Ukraina, 2005—2015. http://un.org.ua/images/stories/docs/2015_MDGs_Ukraine_Report_ukr.pdf.

9. Dudina OO, Moiseienko RO, Tereshchenko AV et al. 2016. Kharakterystyka diialnosti sluzhby nadannia medychnoi dopomohy materi i dytyni. Shchorichna dopovid pro stan zdorovia naselennia, sanitarno-epidemichnu sytuatsiiu ta rezultaty diialnosti systemy okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy. 2015 rik. Kyiv: 222—280.

10. Chepelevskaya LA, Dudina EA, Batorshina AI. 2004. Sovremennyie problemyi smertnosti detskogo naseleniya ot neschastnyih sluchaev, travm i otravleniy v Ukraine. Sovremennaya pediatriya. 2(3): 19—23.

11. WHO mortality database. Geneva, World Health Organization. 2004.

 

Содержание журнала Full text of article